Feline Vaccination

Feline Panleukopaenia Virus (FPV) - "Feline Parvo"


This is a highly contagious and hardy virus that survives in the environment. It causes severe gastroenteritis and can be fatal. There has been recent outbreaks in the eastern states of a new more virulent virus. Vaccination is recommended to protect your pet against this nasty disease.
 

Feline Herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1)

Feline Herpes virus is also known as feline rhinotracheitis virus. Once your cat has it, your cat has it for life. "Herpes is forever".
It causes severe and recurrent ocular and nasal disease with irreversible changes that damages the normal protective mucosal layers and leads to long term secondary infections. A frequent nasal infection is the super bug Pseudomonas. It also causs nasty and recurrent conjunctivitis and keratitis that is painful and can send your cat blind.

A simple vaccination can prevent all of this.
 

Feline Calicivirus (FCV)

This is an extremely common cause of "cat flu". Typical clinical signs include fever, oral ulceration, sneezing and nasal discharge.

Feline Calicivirus also seems to be associated with some other feline disease syndromes such as feline chonic gingivostomatitis which causes marked inflammatory lesions of the oral mucosa manifesting as sore red gums and phayrnx causing severe oral pain and difficulty eating.

FCV can also cause "limping syndrome" resulting in fever and shifting leg lameness.

There is also a virulent systemic disease associated with FCV that may present as swelling of the face and limbs, crusting dermatosis, jaundice and pneumonia.

This virus mutates so vaccination is important to reduce the clinical severity of disease. Vaccination may not completely protect your pet from the disease which is why many cats get "flu" at the cattery despite being vaccinated. Cats do not cope well in cattery situations due to stress which suppresses their immune systems. Ask us how we can help reduce stress on your cat if they have to stay in a cattery.
 

Chlamydia felis

C.felis is a common cause of conjunctivitis in cats. A recent study suggests 30% of conjunctivitis in cats is caused by Chalmydia felis. Vaccination offers good protection from clinical signs for twelve months.
 

Feline Leukaemia Virus (FeLV)

FeLV is transmitted through close contact such as shared food and water bowls, mutual grooming and also through cat bites during fighting. This virus causes immunosuppression and cancer such as lymphoma and blood disorders. Mortality rates are high. Young kittens are most susceptible. Mortality is estimated at 50% after two years post infection and 80% within three years of infection. This is why we commonly see FeLV in young cats but it can develop at any age.

Vaccination against FeLV has reduced the incidence of the diease to just 2% of the population. We strongly recommend vaccination however to protect your cat. This disease causes nasty cancers.
 

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)

Feline AIDS is on the rise in Australia. It is estimated that 20% of Western Australian cats now have FIV. This virus destroys the immune system. Cats develop opportunistic infections, cancers, immune mediated diseases, myelosuppression and neurological disease.

FIV is shed in the saliva of infected cats so infection is spread by biting during fighting behaviour.

80% of Australian cats have outdoor access which explains the rise in FIV. The majority of pet cats are at risk, and therefore vaccination is important.
 
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